为减少超声所测量的低腹部，泌尿生殖系统或浅表区域手术健康婴儿的麻醉引起的肺不张，PEEP 6 cmH2O比3 cmH2O更有效。9 cmH2O的PEEP与6 cmH2O相当。
Paediatric patients have a particularly high incidence of anaesthesia-induced atelectasis. Applying positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) with an alveolar recruitment manoeuvre has been substantially studied and adopted in adults; however, few studies have been conducted in children.
We compared the effects of three levels of PEEP (3, 6 and 9 cmH2O) on anaesthesia-induced atelectasis measured by ultrasound in infants between 6 and 12 months of age who were undergoing general anaesthesia.
A prospective, randomised, double-blind trial.
Department of Anaesthesia, single centre, South Korea, from May 2019 to March 2020.
Children who were 6 to 12 months of age, whose American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status was 1 or 2, whose height and weight were within two standard deviations of those of their peers, and who were scheduled for elective urological or general surgery were included in the study.
The primary outcome was the lung ultrasound score at the end of the procedure. The secondary outcomes included dynamic compliance, peak inspiratory pressure, driving pressure, cardiac index, mean arterial pressure and heart rate before and after applying PEEP.
The mean lung ultrasound score at the end of operation was 12.8 at PEEP 6 cmH2O and 12.1 at PEEP 9 cmH2O. Both were significantly lower than 18.4 at PEEP 3 cmH2O (P = 0.0002 and 0.00003, respectively). However, there was no significant difference between the scores of PEEP 6 cmH2O and PEEP 9 cmH2O. The Δ cardiac index (the cardiac index after PEEP - the cardiac index at 3 cmH2O of PEEP) was comparable among the three groups.
To reduce anaesthesia-induced atelectasis measured by ultrasound in healthy infants undergoing low abdominal, genitourinary or superficial regional operations, 6 cmH2O of PEEP was more effective than 3 cmH2O. PEEP of 9 cmH2O was comparable with 6 cmH2O.
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