翻译：何幼芹 编辑：佟睿 审校：曹莹
Zheng T, Ye P, Wu W, et al. Minimum local anesthetic dose of ropivacaine in real-time ultrasound-guided intraspinal anesthesia for lower extremity surgery: a randomized controlled trial.[J].Ann Transl Med, 2020, 8: 861.
Minimum local anesthetic dose of ropivacaine in real-time ultrasound-guided intraspinal anesthesia for lower extremity: a randomized controlled trial
Methods: A total of 60 patients who were consecutively scheduled for selective lower extremity surgery were enrolled. The patients were randomly divided into two groups, which each received different concentrations of ropivacaine at different initial dosages when Dixon’s up-and-down sequential method was applied. The high ropivacaine group and the low ropivacaine group received 0.75% and 0.5% ropivacaine, respectively. The patients’ baseline characteristics, the MLAD, and the 95% confidence interval were assessed. The highest level of sensory block, time to reach the T10 sensory block, duration for sensory blocks higher than T10, highest plane for sensory block, and onset time and duration for motor block were recorded. Comparisons were also made between the patients’ vital signs and adverse reactions.
Results: The minimum local anaesthetic dose (MLAD) and 95% confidence interval in the high ropivacaine group and the low ropivacaine group were 17.176 (16.276 to 18.124) and 20.192 (19.256 to 21.174) mg, respectively. Moreover, motor block maintenance was greatly reduced in the 0.5% ropivacaine compared to the 0.75% ropivacaine group (P=0.0309).
Conclusions: In real-time ultrasound-guided intraspinal anesthesia for lower extremity surgery, both 0.75% and 0.5% ropivacaine provide satisfactory anesthesia. Our results suggest that shortened motor block duration can hold benefits for patients including earlier mobilization and a quicker rehabilitation process.