BMJ:医疗小丑在儿科症状管理中的有效性:随机和非随机对照试验的系统评价

2020
12/23

+
分享
评论
Rockyou
A-
A+

评估随机对照试验和非随机对照试验的证据,确定医疗小丑对于有急慢性疾病住院的儿童和青少年一系列症状群的有效性。

British Medical Journal

医疗小丑在儿科症状管理中的有效性:随机和非随机对照试验的系统评价

 

 


 

 


摘要

目的: 评估随机对照试验和非随机对照试验的证据,确定医疗小丑对于有急慢性疾病住院的儿童和青少年一系列症状群的有效性。

设计: 随机和非随机对照试验的系统评价。

数据来源: Medline, ISI of Knowledge, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Science Direct, Scopus, American Psychological Association PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature

研究选择: 使用以下纳入标准对随机和非随机对照试验进行同行评审:因急性病或慢性疾病而入院的儿童和青少年;比较使用医疗小丑与标准护理的研究;以及将住院儿童和青少年的症状管理作为主要结果的医疗小丑研究。

数据提取和综合: 两名研究人员独立筛选研究,提取数据并评估偏倚风险。两名研究者分别使用Jadad量表、经修订的Cochrane偏倚风险工具进行随机对照试验(RoB 2)和非随机对照试验研究偏倚风险(ROBINS-I)和方法学评估。

结果: 24项研究(n = 1612)符合数据提取和分析的纳入标准。多数研究是随机对照试验(n = 13)。焦虑是最经常分析的症状(n = 13),其次是疼痛(n = 9)、心理和情绪反应以及感知的幸福感(n = 4)、压力(n = 4)、癌症相关的疲劳(n = 3)以及哭泣(n = 2)。五项研究使用生物标志物(主要是皮质醇)来评估小丑干预后的压力或疲劳结果。大多数随机对照试验(n = 11;85%)被评为显示出一定的偏倚风险,而两项试验被认为具有较高的偏倚风险。根据ROBINS-I工具,大多数非随机对照试验(n = 6; 55%)的偏倚风险中等。研究表明,在有医疗小丑的情况下儿童和青少年无论有无父母陪伴,在一系列医疗过程中的焦虑情绪均明显降低,并且心理适应性得到改善(P <0.05)。评估慢性病的三项研究显示,小丑干预组的压力,疲劳,疼痛和痛苦显著减少(P <0.05)。

结论: 这些发现表明,医疗小丑在医疗过程、术前麻醉诱导以及作为慢性病常规护理的一部分,可能是治疗某些症状群的有益策略。此外,与仅接受常规护理的儿童和青少年相比,医院的小丑可能有助于改善患有急性和慢性疾病的入院儿童和青少年的心理健康。

 


 

 


英文摘要

Objective: To evaluate evidence from randomised controlled trials and non-randomised controlled trials on the effectiveness of hospital clowns for a range of symptom clusters in children and adolescents admitted to hospital with acute and chronic conditions.

Design: Systematic review of randomised and non-randomised controlled trials.

Data sources: Medline, ISI of Knowledge, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Science Direct, Scopus, American Psychological Association PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature.

Study selection: Randomised and non-randomised controlled trials were peer reviewed using the following eligibility criteria: children and adolescents who were admitted to hospital for acute conditions or chronic disorders, studies comparing use of hospital clowns with standard care, and studies evaluating the effect of hospital clowns on symptom management of inpatient children and adolescents as a primary outcome.

Data extraction and synthesis: Two investigators independently screened studies, extracted data, and appraised the risk of bias. Methodological appraisal was assessed by two investigators independently using the Jadad scale, the revised Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomised controlled trials (RoB 2), and the risk of bias in non-randomised studies (ROBINS-I) tool for non-randomised controlled trials.

Results: 24 studies (n=1612) met the inclusion criteria for data extraction and analysis. Most studies were randomised controlled trials (n=13). Anxiety was the most frequently analysed symptom (n=13), followed by pain (n=9), psychological and emotional responses and perceived wellbeing (n=4), stress (n=4), cancer related fatigue (n=3), and crying (n=2). Five studies used biomarkers, mainly cortisol, to assess stress or fatigue outcome following hospital clowns. Most of the randomised controlled trials (n=11; 85%) were rated as showing some concerns, and two trials were rated with a high risk of bias. Most non-randomised controlled trials (n=6; 55%) were rated with a moderate risk of bias according to ROBINS-I tool. Studies showed that children and adolescents who were in the presence of hospital clowns, either with or without a parent present, reported significantly less anxiety during a range of medical procedures, as well as improved psychological adjustment (P<0.05). Three studies that evaluated chronic conditions showed favourable results for the intervention of hospital clowns with significant reduction in stress, fatigue, pain, and distress (P<0.05).

Conclusions: These findings suggest that the presence of hospital clowns during medical procedures, induction of anaesthesia in the preoperative room, and as part of routine care for chronic conditions might be a beneficial strategy to manage some symptom clusters. Furthermore, hospital clowns might help improve psychological wellbeing in admitted children and adolescents with acute and chronic disorders, compared with those who received only standard care.

 

原文链接:

https://www.bmj.com/content/371/bmj.m4290.long



 

 


本文由作者自行上传,并且作者对本文图文涉及知识产权负全部责任。如有侵权请及时联系(邮箱:nanxingjun@hmkx.cn
关键词:
儿科,症状,医疗,小丑,试验,研究

人点赞

收藏

人收藏

打赏

打赏

我有话说

0条评论

0/500

评论字数超出限制

表情
评论

为你推荐

推荐课程


社群

精彩视频

您的申请提交成功

确定 取消
剩余5
×

打赏金额

认可我就打赏我~

1元 5元 10元 20元 50元 其它

打赏

打赏作者

认可我就打赏我~

×

扫描二维码

立即打赏给Ta吧!

温馨提示:仅支持微信支付!