护理SCI晨读:社区居民在预防和控制COVID-19中的知识,态度和实践:在线问卷调查

2020
12/31

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探讨社区居民在预防和控制冠状病毒病2019(COVID-19)中的知识,态度和实践的现状及其影响因素,以及居民在其预防实践中意识到的困难或挑战。

SCI护理研究晨读:

社区居民在预防和控制COVID-19中的知识,态度和实践:在线问卷调查


 

 


 

 



摘要

目的

探讨社区居民在预防和控制冠状病毒病2019(COVID-19)中的知识,态度和实践的现状及其影响因素,以及居民在其预防实践中意识到的困难或挑战。

设计

在线问卷调查。

方法

自行设计调查问卷,于2020年2月在线分发给社区居民。进行描述性统计、两个独立的样本t检验,方差分析(ANOVA),Pearson相关分析,多元线性回归和内容分析。

结果

一共收集了919份有效问卷。社区居民的知识、态度和实践得分分别为85.2%,92.9%和84.4%。影响社区居民知识的主要因素包括性别和职业;影响态度的是职业,家庭经济水平和知识;影响实践的因素包括居住地,职业,有无慢性病,知识和态度。大众媒体是人们学习COVID-19知识和信息的主要途径。面临的困难或挑战主要是缺乏防护设备、对预防和控制风险的担忧、对日常生活、工作和学习的影响、缺乏知识、心理问题和信息问题。

结论

社区居民对COVID-19预防和控制的态度总体上是积极的。知识和实践已得到一定程度的普及,但是社区居民对某些重要知识的理解和采取相关预防措施仍然存在偏差或不足。提示应加强基于证据的公共教育计划。

影响力

研究结果增加了有关社区居民对COVID-19预防和控制的理解,态度,实践和影响因素的重要知识,为优化公共卫生教育和决策奠定了科学基础。

 


 

 


英文摘要

Aims

To explore the status quo and the influencing factors of residents’ knowledge, attitude and practice in the prevention and control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19), as well as the difficulties or challenges perceived by residents in their preventive practice.

Design

An online questionnaire survey.

Methods

The self‐designed questionnaire was distributed among residents online in February 2020. Descriptive statistics, two independent samples t‐tests, one‐way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Pearson’s correlation analysis, multivariate linear regression and content analysis were performed.

Results

A total of 919 valid questionnaires were collected. The scoring rates of residents’ knowledge, attitude and practice were 85.2%, 92.9% and 84.4%, respectively. Main factors influencing residents’ knowledge included gender and occupation; while those influencing attitude were occupation, family economic level and knowledge; and those influencing practice included place of residence, occupation, with or without chronic disease, knowledge and attitude. Mass media was the primary approach for people to learn the knowledge and information of COVID‐19. Difficulties or challenges faced were mainly lack of protective equipments, concerns about the risk of prevention and control, impact on daily life, work and study, lack of knowledge and consensus, psychological problems and information problems.

Conclusion

The attitude of residents towards COVID‐19 prevention and control is generally positive. The knowledge and practice have been popularized to a certain extent, but there are still deviations or deficiencies in residents’ understanding of certain important knowledge and the adoption of relevant preventive measures. Evidence‐based tailored public education initiatives are indicated.

Impact

Findings of this study add important knowledge about residents’ understanding, attitude, practice and the influencing factors on COVID‐19 prevention and control, which serves as a scientific foundation for optimizing the pandemic public education and decision‐making.



 

原文链接:

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jan.14718



本文由作者自行上传,并且作者对本文图文涉及知识产权负全部责任。如有侵权请及时联系(邮箱:nanxingjun@hmkx.cn
关键词:
护理,预防,调查,职业,因素,实践

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