结果：共纳入196303名符合条件患者(吸入麻醉组166,966名、丙泊酚全凭静脉麻醉组29,337)；吸入麻醉组和全凭静脉麻醉组死亡人数(比例)分别为17319例(10.4%)和3339例(11.4%)。两组总生存率(风险比 1.02；95%CI 0.98~1.07；P=0.28)或无癌复发生存率(风险比 0.99；95%CI 0.96~1.03；P=0.59)无显著性差异，而工具变量分析显示，两组无复发生存率略有差异(风险比 0.92；95%CI 0.87~0.98；P=0.01)。亚组分析显示，在任何类型的手术中，各组之间的总体或无癌复发生存率没有显著差异。
原始文献来源： Makito K, Matsui H, Fushimi K, et al.Volatile versus Total Intravenous Anesthesia for Cancer Prognosis in Patients Having Digestive Cancer Surgery.[J].Anesthesiology 2020 Oct 01;1334(4) .
Volatile versus Total Intravenous Anesthesia for Cancer Prognosis in Patients Having Digestive Cancer Surgery
Background: Previous experimental and clinical studies have shown that anesthetic agents have varying effects on cancer prognosis; however, the results were inconsistent among these studies. The authors compared overall and recurrence-free survival in patients given volatile or intravenous anesthesia for digestive tract cancer surgery.
Methods: The authors selected patients who had elective esophagectomy, gastrectomy, hepatectomy, cholecystectomy, pancreatectomy, colectomy, and rectal cancer surgery from July 2010 to March 2018 using the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination database. Patients were divided into a volatile anesthesia group (desflurane, sevoflurane, or isoflurane with/without nitrous oxide) and a propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia group. The authors hypothesized that total intravenous anesthesia is associated with greater overall and recurrence-free survival than volatile anesthesia. Subgroup analyses were performed for each type of surgery.
Results: The authors identified 196,303 eligible patients (166,966 patients in the volatile anesthesia group and 29,337 patients in the propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia group). The numbers (proportions) of death in the volatile anesthesia and total intravenous anesthesia groups were 17,319 (10.4%) and 3,339 (11.4%), respectively. There were no significant differences between the two groups in overall survival (hazard ratio, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.98 to 1.07; P = 0.28) or recurrence-free survival (hazard ratio, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.96 to 1.03; P = 0.59), whereas instrumental variable analyses showed a slight difference in recurrence-free survival (hazard ratio, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.87 to 0.98; P = 0.01). Subgroup analyses showed no significant difference in overall or recurrence-free survival between the groups in any type of surgery.
Conclusions: Overall and recurrence-free survival were similar between volatile and intravenous anesthesia in patients having digestive tract surgery. Selection of the anesthetic approach for these patients should be based on other factors.