房颤会增加患者术后并发症的发生率、住院时间及死亡率，虽然术后房颤常发生在心胸外科手术后，但其他手术，特别是急诊手术术后房颤的发生率如何呢？那些危险因素可能增加术后房颤的发生率呢？这些问题的答案在这篇发表在European Journal of Anaesthesiology杂志上的系统综述复习已有相关文献，对此展开了详细的探讨。
Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation Following Emergency Noncardiothoracic Surgery: A Systematic Review
Background: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) occurs frequently following cardiothoracic surgery and is associated with a higher mortality and a longer hospital stay. The condition is less studied following noncardiothoracic surgery as well as emergency surgery.
Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the occurrence of atrial fibrillation following emergency noncardiothoracic surgery and associated risk factors and mortality.
Design: We conducted a systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Observational studies and randomised controlled trials were assessed for risk of bias using the Downs and Black checklist and Cochrane Handbook for Systematic reviews of intervention.
Data sources: A systematic literature search of PubMed, EMBASE and Scopus was carried out in August 2019. No publication date- or source restrictions were imposed.
Eligibility criteria: Observational and randomised controlled trials were included if data on POAF occurring after an emergency, noncardiothoracic, surgical intervention on adult patients could be extracted.
Results: We identified 15 studies eligible for inclusion covering orthopaedic-, abdominal-, vascular-, neuro- and miscellaneous noncardiothoracic surgery. The occurrence of POAF after emergency noncardiothoracic surgery ranged from 1.5 to 12.2% depending on type of surgery and intensity of cardiac monitoring. Studies that investigated risk factors and associated mortality found emergency surgery and increasing age to be associated with risk of POAF. Moreover, POAF was generally associated with an increase in long-term and short-term mortality.
Conclusion: In this study, atrial fibrillation occurred frequently, especially following emergency orthopaedic, vascular and neurosurgery. Emergency surgery and age were independent risk factors for developing atrial fibrillation. POAF seems to be related to a higher risk of postoperative complications and mortality, though further studies with long-term follow-up are needed.
Trial registration: CRD42019112090.
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