211.Hereditary multiple osteochondromas (HMO)

2020
06/05

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腹部医学影像论坛
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Hereditary multiple osteochondromas (HMO)

Hereditary multiple osteochondromas (HMO) also known as Hereditary multiple exostoses is a disorder characterized by the development of multiple benign osteocartilaginous masses (exostoses) in relation to the ends of long bones of the lower limbs such as the femurs and tibias and of the upper limbs such as the humeri and forearm bones. They are also known as osteochondromas. Additional sites of occurrence include on flat bones such as the pelvic bone and scapula. The distribution and number of these exostoses show a wide diversity among affected individuals. Exostoses usually present during childhood. The vast majority of affected individuals become clinically manifest by the time they reach adolescence.[1][2] A small percentage of affected individuals are at risk for development of malignant transformation namely sarcomas. 

Notes:

1. Hereditary [həˈredɪteri] adj. 遗传性

2. osteochondromas ['ɒsti:oʊ] [kɑn'dromə] 骨软骨瘤

3. exostosis [ˌeksɒs'toʊsɪs] n. 外生骨疣

4. osteocartilaginous [ɒstiːəʊ'kɑːtɪlædʒɪnəs]  骨软骨的

5. humeri ['hju:məraɪ] n. 肱骨

6. scapula [ˈskæpjələ] n. 肩胛骨

7. sarcoma [sɑ:rˈkoʊmə] n. 肉瘤

来源:每天朗读一段医学影像学英语文章

本文由作者自行上传,并且作者对本文图文涉及知识产权负全部责任。如有侵权请及时联系(邮箱:guikequan@hmkx.cn
关键词:
osteochondromas,HMO

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